Astrophytum capricorne var. crassispinum is a very beautiful variety
with striking strong flat and large spines up to 8.5 cm long.
Description: this variety
is very similar to
A. capricorne v. niveum (and the differences
between this variety is questionable) A. capricorne var. crassispinum
is characterized by a sharp-ribbed body, the ribs are the same as
capricorne, but the stem is larger bright green and almost
bare (lack white dots)
Ribs: 8 sharp with a reddish edge.
Spines: The 6-8 spines are striking strong and up to 8.5 cm long,
flat, black to brown in the youth, later grey-chalky. They are
noticeably stronger, larger and thicker than in the common
capricorne. Yellow spined plant are also common in
Flowers: The blossom have a reddish eye as in
capricorne var. niveum but pure sulphurous flowers are also mentioned .
'KIGAN' is a famous
Japanese cultivar of A. capricorne v. crassispinum (the name means
Astrophytum capricorne v. crassispinum (Möller, H.) Okumura Y.
In: Classification of Astrophytum, Syaboten-no-Kenkyu 4:
174-175, 195-201, 215-216; Seite / page 175
Original description: Echinocactus capricornus v.
crassispinus MÖLLER, H. (1925)
in: Echinocactus capricornus DIETR. und seine Varietäten
Zeitschrift f. Sukkulentenkunde 2 (7): 129 1925
Origin: Cuatro Cienegas, Mexican
Conservation status: Listed in
CITES appendix 2.
- Astrophytum capricorne niveum 'nudum'
- Astrophytum crassispinum (Möller,
H.) HAAGE, W.; SADOVSKY, O. (1957)
In: Revision in der Gattung Astrophytum Kakt. and. Sukk.
8 (9): 137-138
- Astrophytum capricorne v. crassispinum
nudum (Möller, H.) ITO, Y. 1981 invalid name
In: The Cactaceae - Classification and Illustration of
Cacti by Yoshio Ito Japan: 514.
NOTE: The name "crassispinus" is
however source for many confusions. And also frequently these plants are
cv. crassispinoides which is very different and has
very thin and flexible white spines and pure yellow flowers.
Cultivation: Although regarded as a choice and
difficult plant in cultivation it is relatively easy to grow. Use
mineral well permeable substratum (rot prone). Water
March till October and keep perfectly dry in
at temperatures from 5 to 15 degrees centigrade.
(but it is
Hardy to -7°C for short periods) In
the rest period no high atmospheric humidity!!
Light shade to full sun.
Astrophytum capricorne and its varieties are very variable in their
habit even in small areas. And it is understandable that today we often
have problems to decide to which population plants belong
Photo of conspecific
taxa, varieties, forms and
cultivars of Astrophytum capricorne: