|It is a whole production system for the
agricultural and horticultural products that protects and respect
environment and - at the same time - the health of men.
Basic characteristic of the biologic agriculture is the absence of
chemicals ,medicines for the plants and other same. Furthermore the
biologic products have not inside them conservatives and other chemical
The scientific principle of this method is based on the following
practices: culture rotation, soil handling and fertilization. The
principle that generates stability and health for plants is the handling
of organic matter as the practice that guarantees good soil fertility
and structure. Also the soil is considered as a "complex organism", full
of living beings (worms, bacteria, fungi, ants, termites, etc) and
mineral substances which are interdependent and constantly interacting,
which means that in handling one aspect – fertilization, for instance –
it is important to jointly consider all others (biological diversity,
quality of underground waters, etc.). This is the principle of "systemic
view" of agriculture (also called "holism"), which prescribes that the
agricultural property should be considered in all its dimensions
(productive, ecological, social, economic, etc).
Instead of biologic the terms ecologic, or organic,
or organic-biologic, or biologic-dynamic can be used.