Echeveria setosa forma
Great succulent with attractive very fuzzy, silvery leaves that
feel to the touch like
a cross between felt and velvet. It is and highly valued by many
(standard form): E. setosa is a very
distinct echeveria, with a remarkable pubescence. It is a very variable
slowly clustering rosette succulent freely giving off offsets from the
base and readily forming dense mounds. Many variety and cultivars -
often quite different at a first glance - are nowadays available in
Stem: Almost stemless.
Rosettes: Globose to flattish which stand out very distinctly.
About 5-20 cm, in diameter depending on variety. Leaves numerous,
sometimes 100 or more. Because of the density of the hairs the centre of
the rosette is often white, which gives a wonderful contrast to the
outer margins of the rosettes.
Leaves: Small, densely packed spatulate-shaped, convex on both
sides, narrow, glaucous or dark-green that in the winter assumes a
green-red colouring , almost glabrous to very furry with stiff,
glistening hairs, depending on the variety. The most common forms in
cultivation have a complete covering of shining, glassy white, soft
Propagation: Occasional offset, seeds
Flowers: The flowers are the most distinctive and recognisable
feature of this species , they are displayed in erect, arched helicoid
cymes from each rosette that reach from about 15 cm to 20 cm tall, each
with about 6 to 9 florets. In larger groups of rosettes, often of the
inflorescences are branched. The flowers are red and yellow simple or 2
branched second cincinni. The corolla campanulate or ovoid urceolate,
Blooming season: Spring and early summer
Crested form: The rare crested form produces magnificent, fun shaped
silvery, leaf rosettes and may assumes many fascinating shapes.
Easy to grow and perfect for pots, it forms fun shaped silvery,
leaf rosettes at the ends of velvety branches and seems to
to change in and out of its crested mode during the years.
coccinea forma cristata
Scientific name: Echeveria
setosa Rose & Purpus
In: Contr. US Nat. Herb. 13: 45. PLATE 10 - 1910
Common English Names include: Crested Mexican
Firecracker, Crested Hens and Chicks.
Garden origin (Nursery
produced cultivar) The standard species
is from Southern Mexico, mountains of Oaxaca and Puebla. There are
several natural varieties of this variable species. Most are endemic to
small areas of Mexico, and are in danger of extinction in the wild.
Etymology: The genus Echeveria is named after the 18th
century Spanish botanist Atanasio Echeverria Codoy.
The species name “setosa” comes from Latin “seta” =
“silk” refering to the leaves that are covered by glistening
Cultivation: Echeveria are
easily grown succulents that can tolerate sun, shade, moist soils, dry
soils, but look their best only when given adequate light levels and
water, and ideally should be grown outdoors in full sun. Generally
speaking, the more light a plant gets the better it will display its
colours and shape. Bright light is required to prevent "stretching" of
Echeverias ("stretching" occurs when a moderately fast growing plant
such as an Echeveria, is grown in dim light or over-fertilized, which
causes overly lush growth that contributes to weak, pallid plants).
However, when moving plants from lower light conditions into full sun,
be wary of sun scorch resulting from too rapid a transition into intense
summer sunlight, most easily avoided by ensuring plants are well-watered
before moving them on a cloudy day. Echeveria are able to tolerate
extended dry periods and survive drought without the need for watering,
but they will grow stronger if they receive adequate moisture during
their growing season, but never allowing the plant to remain waterlogged
(root rot sensitive). For this reason, it is essential in cultivation to
use a very porous soil, which will allow quick drainage. Avoid overhead
watering under humid conditions, especially during winter. Echeveria are
shallow rooted plants, and therefore benefit from good levels of organic
matter in the soil. Give it enough root space for optimum growth. Slow
release fertilisers with a low to moderate nitrogen content incorporated
into the potting mix are usually adequate for the spring and summer
growing seasons of Echeveria, and additional fertiliser applications
would not normally be required until spring. Good air movement is
important for minimising pest and disease risks, and avoiding excessive
humidity in cool winter conditions is important to successfully growing
Echeveria in the nursery environment. Can tolerate light frosts.
however, the ideal temperature range during the summer growing season is
5-25°C, with the cooler autumn temperatures tending to make their
foliage colours become more intense than those of the active summer
growing season. Aphids like this plant (and all flowering Echeverias).
Propagation: It is easily propagated by cuttings in the spring.
When the stem becomes too tall, just cut the top
rosette with a piece of stem and plant it. It will soon take root, while
the plant left with just the stem will soon grow new buds that can be in
turn used for propagation. Time to take cuttings: April to July. It may
also propagated by
leaf propagation. If the plant is
repotted some of the bottom
leaves can be removed, in order to attempt propagation..
However some of the
cuttings will dry out without producing a
Photo of conspecific taxa, varieties, forms and
cultivars of Echeveria setosa.