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Copiapoa lembckei var. magifica n.n.
(Syn: Copiapoa calderana)

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Copiapoa lembckei var. magifica n.n. KK1393 Caldera, Chile 100-200m (C. calderana).
Really magnificent!!!

White woolly areoles & black (usually) to amber/brown stout spines.

Copiapoa calderana in habitat forms clusters of stems covered by a whitish grey bloom that is generally not present on the cultivated specimens that usually have a dark solitary body.

Photo gallery: Alphabetical listing of Cactus and Succulent pictures published in this site.

Photo gallery COPIAOA


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Family: Cactaceae (Cactus Family)

Scientific name:  Copiapoa calderana F. Ritter 1959

(The name Copiapoa lembckei was not validly published.)

Origin:  Coastal deserts of northern Chile (Atacama, Antofagasta, Caldera)

Habitat:  In the area where this plants grows there is very little rain but frequent coastal fog, which provides a significant part of their water needs.

Conservation status: Listed in CITES appendix 2.

Synonyms:  

  • Copiapoa lembckei Backeberg 1959
  • Copiapoa calderana var. spinisor F. Ritter 1980
  • Copiapoa marginata (Sd) Br&R
  • Copiapoa magnifica
  • Copiapoa marginata v. magnifica
    Copiapoa streptocaulon
  • Copiapoa atacamensis,
  • Copiapoa boliviana,
  • Echinocactus bolivianus,
  • Copiapoa lembckei

Description: Solitary or slowly clumping
Stem: 5 cm tall , 10 cm in diameter, depressed spherical or shortly cylindrical with a woolly apex, pale grey-green, with grey tips.
Ribs: 10 to 17 ribs, wide blunt, not notched, approx 1 cm high.
Areoles: Round, woolly, dull-white/grey that darken as they ages, 5-10 mm apart.
Spines: Usually  black, awl-shaped to needle-like, hard and straight (or slightly bent), becoming grey with age.
Central spines: 1( to 2) about 2-3 cm long.
Radial spines: 4 to 7; 1 to 1.5 cm long.
Flowers: Large ( 3 cm) light yellow, funnel-shaped, scented.
Blooming season: Flowers in spring and summer, followed by green fruit.
 

 


Cultivation: This extremely slow growing cactus is kept for the beauty of its form.  It must be protected from excessive heat and sun in summer, and seems to do best in cultivation with a bit of shade.  It requires light but regular waterings in summer, but let the soil mix dry between waterings,  Prone to rot if over-watered.  Needs good drainage.  Keep warm and dry in winter (10C) to avoid rot.  Not highly tolerant of a great deal of frost. (Frost tolerance 0C)

Propagation: Seeds (offsets rarely), Grafting is often used to speed growth rate and to create a back-up to plants in collection.
 

Photo of conspecific taxa, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Copiapoa calderana. complex ((This Taxon has lots of synonyms ( like many other Copiapoa) whit several controversial varieties and subspecies and comprises several different forms, but where each form is linked to others by populations of plants with intermediate characteristics):

Home | E-mail | Plant files | Mail Sale Catalogue | Links | Information | Search

All the information and photos in cactus art file are now available also in the new the Enciclopedia of Cacti. We hope you find this new site informative and useful.